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The Richness of Life in Junggu! The Heart of Daejeon Metropolitan City

Culture/Tourism

Historical Figures

Danjae Shin Chae-Ho

Danjae Shin Chae-ho

History

Danjae Shin Chae-ho was the 18th successor of the line of Bohanjae (保閒齋) Shin Suk-ju, born the second son between his father Gwang-sik and mother Park (From the Milyang Park family) on December 8th in the 17th year of the reign of King Gojong (1880) at 233 Eunam-dong, Jung-gu.

Although the Goryeong Shin family had long resided in the Nangseong region of Cheongeon county, North Chungcheong province, Shin Chae-ho’s father had moved to the Myomak (hut built near graves of ancestors for their upkeep) of the Andong Gweon family.

It was here where Shin Chae-Ho was born. Here, three villages including Dorim-dong (also known as Dorimi) join to form Eonam-li.

High ridges stretch from Mt. Daedunsan to Mt. Bomunsan of Daejeon in this area, which still remains remote to this day and is only sparsely dotted with a few houses.

The location of the Myomak, where Shin Chae-ho was born, is also known as the Bongso-gol (literally Pheonix’s Nest valley), because of its shape that closely resembles a bird’s nest.

Birthplace and Childhood Home of Danjae Shin Chae-ho
  • Birthplace and Childhood Home of Danjae Shin Chae-Ho1
  • Birthplace and Childhood Home of Danjae Shin Chae-Ho2
  • Birthplace and Childhood Home of Danjae Shin Chae-Ho3
  • Birthplace and Childhood Home of Danjae Shin Chae-Ho4

Life of Danjae Shin Chae-ho

Since moving to Seoul to enter the Seonggyungwan Academy in Seoul in 1898, Shin Chae-ho led a life of many trials and tribulations as a journalist, independence activist, writer, and historical scholar. He began writing editorials in the Hwangseong Shinmun (Newspaper) in 1905, submitting essays such as “The Three Faithful Slaves of Japan,” “Where The Citizens of Korea are Headed Today,” “The History of Korean Autonomy,” and “Communication to Advocates of Korean-Japanese Annexation Theory” in the Daehan Maeil Shinbo (Newspaper) and publishing such papers as “New Theory in Historical Reading” and “The Greatest Naval Figure in History: Admiral Yi Sun-shin.”

Danjae Shin Chae-ho participated in the Korea New People’s Association, a secret association against Japanese colonial rule, together with the likes of Yang Gi-tak, Yi Dong-nyeong, Lee Hwae-yeong, Lee Dong-hui, and Ahn Chang-ho. He was also an active participant in the Movement in Compensation for National Bonds.

Granted asylum by China in 1910, Shin Chae-ho organized the Korean Independence Struggle with Yun Sae-bok, Lee Dong-hui, and Lee Gap, among others, and wrote 『A History of Joseon』 while in Manchuria. Participating in the establishment of the Shanghai Provisional government in 1919, he was a provisional legislative member of the government. In 1922, he was invited by Kim Weon-bong, head of the heroic corps, to Shanghai, where he wrote and announced the heroic corps proclamation, also known as the Joseon Revolutionary Declaration, in 1923. The 1920s saw the historical scholarship of Shin Chae-ho at its best; during this period he authored 「Ancient History of Joseon,」「Ancient Cultural History of Joseon,」 and「A Preliminary Study of Joseon History」.

Arrested in Taiwan in May of 1928, Shin Chae-ho was sentenced to a 10-year prison term in the Dalian District Court. He was moved to Lushun Prison, where, at 57 years of age, he died of a brain hemorrhage on February 21, 1936. His remains were buried in Gwirae-li, Nangseong Township, Chungweon County, North Chungcheong Province, and he was awarded the Republic of Korea Order of Merit on March 1, 1962.